Senator Kirk Introduces the First Amendment Defense Act

Senator Greg Kirk introduces the First Amendment Defense Act. Photo: Jon Richards
Senator Greg Kirk introduces the First Amendment Defense Act. Photo: Jon Richards
Senator Greg Kirk of Americus introduced the First Amendment Defense Act of Georgia at a Capitol Hill press conference this afternoon, saying he is introducing the legislation in order to heal the divides in the Peach State over the issue of same sex marriage. Kirk said he modeled his legislation on a similar federal bill that has been co-sponsored by every Republican member of the Georgia congressional delegation, including both Senators Johnny Isakson and David Perdue.

Senator Kirk says the purpose of the bill is to protect those who believe in the traditional definition of marriage. He stated that the measure’s motto is “Live and Let Live.” According to Kirk, “Faith based organizations that believe in the long held definition of marriage should have the right to operate freely without fear of persecution or discrimination. One group’s access to a right does not diminish the rights of another.”

The legislation specifically seeks not to challenge or alter the June 2015 decision by the Supreme Court that legalized marriage equality in the United States. It does not excuse a government official from performing his or her duty to issue documents, including marriage licenses to gay people. Instead, it offers protection to private individuals and organizations that believe in traditional marriage by preventing governmental discrimination against adoption agencies, youth programs, private schools and other nonprofits whose sponsoring churches hold to the traditional view of marriage.

The bill is designed to protect the tax exempt status of charitable organizations, charitable contribution deductions, government grants and contracts, scholarships, accreditations and more.

However, many in the LGBT community are concerned that the bill will indeed allow discrimination against gay individuals. Specifically, they are concerned that a provision in the bill will override ordinances in cities like Atlanta that prohibit discrimination against gays and lesbians. In his press conference, Kirk said,

The bill will not allow the government to discriminate against [a] business because of their belief in traditional marriage.

Based on that quote, it can be interpreted that the bill does override local anti-discrimination ordinances.

Earlier in the afternoon, Governor Deal told reporters that it was too early to offer an explicit opinion on the merits of the several bills in the legislature dealing with religious liberty. He did, however, appear to be sympathetic to the interests of religious believers while wanting to ensure Georgia does not foster discrimination. Deal said,

I understand that many in our religious community, and we are still, of course in the bible belt, have real concerns about what they see as an encroachment on their religious beliefs, and their patterns of conduct, their businesses, et cetera. So it’s an understandable issue from their point of view. And I think we have to be accommodating to their views as much as possible, without at the same time breeding a situation that Georgia is going to be regarded as a state that allows discrimination. I do not see any reason for us to have to do that.

As of 4 PM, Senator Kirk had not dropped his bill in the Senate hopper. Once the final language of the bill is known, we will have further analysis.

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Andrew C. Pope
Andrew C. Pope

The AJC has text: My reaction to this is pretty much the same as my reaction to RFRA: Why is this necessary? Georgia provides its citizens with a myriad of ways to discriminate against gays and lesbians. You want to fire someone because they’re homosexual? Go right ahead. Do we really need to create a new avenue for discrimination? But ACP, this is about the right to practice one’s religion freely! No, random italicized voice, it’s about the right to act like a dumb bigot in public and not have to pay a price for it. If someone can… Read more »


This bill absolutely DOES allow discrimination – not in terms of marriage licenses, but in terms of social services and other provisions. If a religious organization runs a homeless shelter, they could, under this law, turn away a gay couple. Non-profits that take taxpayer money (in the form of government grants, etc, which typically come along with non-discrimination rules) would be able to disregard existing non-discrimination ordinances and discriminate against LGBT families, and they could use taxpayer money to do it.